Tire size calculator The results of this wheel and tire size calculator are based on the mathematical equations of the sizes entered, not the actual tire specs provided by the tire manufacturers. Please refer to the guides supplied by manufacturers for exact specifications.Results within +3% of stock are considered acceptable. Input Please enter actual Tread width – Aspect Ratio and Wheel / Rim diameter (e.g. 205/65-R16) Original Alternate 145155165175185195205215225235245255265275285295305315325335345 / 2530354045505560657075808590 – R13R14R15R16R17R18R19R20R22R24 145155165175185195205215225235245255265275285295305315325335345 / 2530354045505560657075808590 – R13R14R15R16R17R18R19R20R22R24

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 More about tires Tire sizes are expressed by the manufacturers with three sets of numbers: Tread width – Aspect Ratio – Wheel diameter (e.g. 215 55 R16) Automobile tires are described by an alphanumeric tire code (in American English) or tyre code (in British English, Australian English and others), which is generally molded into the sidewall of the tire. This code specifies the dimensions of the tire, and some of its key limitations, such as load-bearing ability, and maximum speed. Sometimes the inner sidewall contains information not included on the outer sidewall, and vice versa. For more in dept information about tire size and tyre codes see Wikipedia

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 info The formula used in this calculation is from the famous Wheelers approximations which is accurate to <1% if the cross section is near square shaped. L (uH) =31.6*N^2* r1^2 / 6*r1+ 9*L + 10*(r2-r1) where… L(uH)= Inductance in microHenries N = Total Number of turns r1 = Radius of the inside of the coil in meters r2 = Radius of the outside of the coil in meters L = Length of the coil in meters

NOTEThis formula applies at ‘low’ frequencies (<3MHz) using
enameled copper wire tightly wound.

Please note that the diameter is measured from center of wire trough
center of the coil and to center of the wire on the opposite side.

 Inductance (L): uHmHH Coil Inner Diameter (d=2*r1): inchesmmcm Coil Length (l): inchesmmcm Wire Gauge: 123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445 AWG Number of Turns (N): turns Turns per Layer: turns/layer Number of Layers: layers Coil Outer Diameter (D): inchesmmcm Wire Diameter: milsmm Wire Length: feetmeters DC Resistance (R): Ω (at 20°C)

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info Winding the wire in a single layer produces an inductor with minimal parasitic capacitance, and hence gives the highest possible self-resonant frequency (SRF). Striving to obtain a high SRF and low losses is the key to producing coils which have radio-frequency properties bearing some useful resemblance to pure inductance.

The calculation is based on Wheeler’s 1928 formula for a single-layer solenoid which is given in its original form as:
L = a² N² / (9a + 10b) [microHenries] , b > 0.8a
Where b is the coil length in inches, and a is the radius in inches.

To convert this formula to SI units, we will use the symbols r = radius, D = 2r = diameter, l = solenoid length.
Factoring b from the denominator gives:
L = 10-6 a² N² / [ b (10 + 9a/b)] [Henrys] The quantity a/b is dimensionless, and so we can immediately substitute in the denominator:
L = 10-6 a² N² / [ b (10 + 9r/l)] = 10-6 a² N² / [ b (10 + 4.5 D/l)] Factoring 10 from the denominator gives:
L = 10-7 N² ( a² / b ) / (1 + 0.45 D/l) [Henrys]

where..

• L is the inductance in Henry
• D is the coil diameter in meters
• r is the radius in meters (or D/2)
• l is the lenght of the coil in meters
• N is the number of turns
Please note that the accuracy of this formula is ±0.33% if the ratio of D/l>0.4. so this formula fits best for long solenoids.

noteThis formula applies at ‘low’ frequencies (<3MHz) using enameled copper wire (magnet wire) close wound.

Tip 1Small reductions in the inductance obtained can be achieved by pulling the turns apart slightly. This will also reduce self-resonance. Other combinations of wire and coil diameter may be tried but best results are usually obtained when the length of the coil is the same as its diameter.

Tip 2 If you need good induction stability in the presence of vibration then wind the coil on a support made from a suitable non magnetic plastic or ceramic former and lock the windings using epoxy glue or other suitable adhesive.

 Please note that the diameter is measured from center of wire trough center of the coil and to center of the wire on the opposite side. Dimensions Required Inductance (L): nHuH Coil Diameter (D): inchesmilsmm Wire Diameter (d): inchesmilsmm Coil Length (l): inchesmilsmm Number of Turns (N):

 Info This is an popular coil geometri used in todays wireless charger circuits. The formula used in this calculation is based on the Harold A. Wheeler approximations for air core flat spiral coil inductor. …where: L = inductance in μH Di = inner diameter in inches. s = distance between windings in inches w = wire diameter in inches N = number of turns 1 inch = 0,0254m=2,54cm = 25,4mm. This formula applies at ‘low’ frequencies (<30MHz) using enameled copper wire. Some people call it “magnet wire”. Click on image to enlarge

 Please note that the outer and inner diameter is measured from the center of the wire. Dimensions Coil inner diameter (Di): inchesmilsmm Number of turns (N): Wire Diameter (w): inchesmilsmm Spacing between turns (s): inchesmilsmm Inductance (L): nHuH Outer diameter (Do): inchmmcm Wire lenght (Wl): inchmmcmm

#### More about flat spiral coils

A flat spiral coil is a type of an air core inductor
usually incorporated in the primary of a tesla generator,
RFID tag, and proximity detectors. In the same category
as the flat spiral coils we have planar spiral coils,
planar square spiral coils, planar rectangular spiral
coils, planar hexagonal spiral coils and octagonal spiral
coil. Planar coils are mostly used in high frequency
applications and designed as tracks on a circuit board.

#### A flat spiral coil belongs to the category of air core inductors

An “air core inductor” is an inductor that does not depend upon a ferromagnetic material to achieve its specified inductance. Some inductors are wound without a bobbin and just air as the core. Some others are wound on a bobbin made of bakelite, platsic, ceramic etc.

#### Advantages of an air core coil:

Its inductance is unaffected by the current it carries.
This contrasts with the situation with coils using ferromagnetic cores whose inductance tends to reach a peak at moderate field strengths before dropping towards zero as saturation approaches. Sometimes non-linearity in the magnetization curve can be tolerated; for example in switching power supplies and in some switching topologies this is an advantage.
In circuits such as audio cross over filters in hi-fi speaker systems you must avoid distortion; then an air coil is a good choice. Most radio transmitters rely on air coils to prevent the production of harmonics.
Air coils are also free of the “iron losses” which a problem with ferromagnetic cores. As frequency is increased this advantage becomes progressively more important. You obtain better Q-factor, greater efficiency, greater power handling, and less distortion.
Lastly, air coils can be designed to perform at frequencies as high as 1 Ghz. Most ferromagnetic cores tend to be rather lossy above 100 MHz.

#### And the “downside”:

Without a high permeability core you must have more and/or larger turns to achieve a given inductance value. More turns means larger coils, lower self-resonance dur to higher interwinding capacitance and higher copper loss. At higher frequencies you generally don’t need high inductance, so this is then less of a problem.
Greater stray field radiation and pickup:
With the closed magnetic paths used in cored inductors radiation is much less serious. As the diameter increases towards a wavelength (lambda = c / f), loss due to electromagnetic radiation will become significant. You may be able to reduce this problem by enclosing the coil in a screen, or by mounting it at right angles to other coils it may be coupling with.
You may be using an air cored coil not because you require a circuit element with a specific inductance per se but because your coil is used as a proximity sensor, loop antenna, induction heater, Tesla coil, electromagnet, magnetometer head, or deflection yoke etc. Then an external radiated field may be what you want.

Push image to enlarge InfoThe first approximation is based on a modification of an expression developed by Wheeler; the second is derived from electromagnetic principles by approximating the sides of the spirals as current-sheets; and the third is a monomial expression derived from fitting to a large database of inductors (and the exact inductance values).
All three expressions are accurate, with typical errors of 2 – 3%, and very simple, and are therefore excellent candidates for use in design and synthesis. The thickness of the inductor has only a very small effect on inductance and will therefore be ignored.
Notes:
Fill in appropriate values in the white fields.Then push “calculate”.
1μm =0.001mm
1μm =0.00003937007874015748 inch
 Number of turns (n): turns Spacing between turns (s): μm Turn width (w): μm Outer Diameter (dout): μm Calculated Inner diameter (Din) μm Fill factor p=(Dout-Din)/(Dout+Din) Square Hexagonal Octagonal Circular Modified Wheeler nH nH nH nH Current Sheet nH nH nH nH Monomial Fit nH nH nH nH

Reference:
S.S. Mohan, M. Hershenson, S.P. Boyd and T.H. Lee
Simple Accurate Expressions for Planar Spiral Inductances
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Oct. 1999, pp. 1419-24.
For multilayer spiral pcb coils see here:
A new calculation for designing multilayer planar spiral inductors